What is the Best Gear for Street Photography?


When you make your living from photography, you are always asked gear related questions. And now, I want to answer one particular gear related question with this article. “What is the perfect gear for street photography?”

For me, there really isn’t any perfect street photography gear (yet), but there is lots of gear that works wonderfully for street shooting.

Before we start talking about gear, I'd like to be clear about a particular prerequisite of mine for getting comfortable with working on the streets, and it is to be as inconspicuous as possible. In my early years, when I first started working on the streets, I used only my big DSLR. Then, I got to own a film camera from 1979 – a Pentax ME Super. I fell in love with it because of its small size and the way it felt.

two perspectives

Sometime after that, I got to know a great social documentary photographer in my country, Francisco Campos. I was amazed with how intimate his documentary photography was and so I asked him this question, “what camera do you use?” He laughed and told me, “I only use this – always” and he showed me a very compact, yet powerful Point and Shoot camera. At that moment, my whole standard of using huge gear changed dramatically.

I went and bought my own small and powerful Point and Shoot camera. This little fella allowed me to shoot in Manual mode, and of course, it also shoots RAW, which is just great for developing your digital negative files.

The great benefit of working with inconspicuous gear, is that you don't attract attention, and you seem to be a regular tourist, amateur or new photography enthusiast. When you don't look like a great figure in the photography field, people tend to get really comfortable when they see you around their environment taking pictures.

Ren Faire 2011

Now, before we start on addressing the question of the best photography gear for street shooting, let's divide these suggestions into 3 specific branches: cameras, lenses and accessories.


Let's talk about cameras. There is nothing wrong with working with DSLRs, but it's good to match them with lenses that help you achieve the prime goal of being inconspicuous (small lenses include the 35mm, 50mm etc). Nowadays we have a great range of very good mirrorless cameras and Point and Shoots. I had the opportunity to once work with a rangefinder camera, and there is a priceless feeling you get, when shooting, as you're still able to look at what is going on. DSLRs have a great disadvantage here because the mirror flaps upwards once you press the shutter and makes quite a sound (not great for remaining inconspicuous). My premise for recommending these is because they help you remain inconspicuous:

  • Canon: EOS-M3
  • Fujifilm: X100T
  • Nikon: Nikon 1
  • Olympus: E-M5
  • Sony: A6000

One big thing to keep in mind when thinking about gear for street photography, is that any thing you buy, should have a flipable screen. This is great for shooting in stealth mode from the hip. Just look down, compose your shot, then shoot. The people around you probably won't even realise you're taking a photo.


Regarding lenses, I can state that the best gear for working on the street are prime and fast, wide and small lenses. Anything from 24mm to 50mm will work wonderfully. The thing here is to get a lens that is small enough to carry around and not intimidate people especially when you aim it at them. I have recently bought two new lenses that are wonderful for working on the streets, a 24mm pancake lens and a 40mm pancake lens. I still work a lot with my chunky DLSR, especially when traveling, and my favourite lens for this is a 28mm f/1.8.

Si parlava di sport, di Pertini e Bearzot.


There are two great accessories for working on the streets. The first one, is a strap. Get rid of that brand strap the camera comes with, since it somehow makes you noticeable. Also, another great tip that goes hand in hand with the straps, is to not hang the camera like a medal, it should be wrapped around your wrist while you walk with your camera in your hand. Another great accessory are leather cases that come in two pieces.

Bonus Tip

Blend with the crowd by wearing clothes that doesn't get you noticed. Again, this goes back to remaining inconspicuous, the benefit of which is much more interesting street shots.

About Author

Federico has a decade of experience in documentary photography, and is a University Professor in photography and research methodology. He's a scientist studying the social uses of photography in contemporary culture who writes about photography and develops documentary projects. Other activities Federico is involved in photography are curation, critique, education, mentoring, outreach and reviews. Get to know him better here.

I would add to your good comments, To be discreet, with an ”innocent” camera it is much easier instead of big camera with big lens, otherwise they will see you as suspicious!

I just love my Canon 70D with 24mm f2.8 stm and 40mm f2.8 stm. Reasons, compact, good battery life, durable enough and small compact lenses with great result.

Excellent comments. May I add in relation to inconspicuous gear/clothing: To the extent not inconsistent with a project-based need, “meet the street.” Blending in should not only mean inconspicuous (as if working alone). It should create opportunities to “become part of” and “for inclusion.” When I see an image that stops me in my tracks, brings me to my senses, or makes me want to cry, it’s almost always because it was taken from a physical or emotional center grounded in connection.

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