Shooting in Low Light Without a Tripod – Simple Solutions to a Common Problem
Of course, the gradual reduction in the intensity of light means a gradual reduction in our shutter speeds too. This can lead to problems with camera shake – i.e. blur in your images.
The obvious solution to this is to use a tripod, but I am sure that like me, many of you get caught in this beautiful light without your three legged friend. So what can you do? Let’s have a look at some of your low light options if the tripod is gathering dust at home.
Beautiful shot but can you do this without a tripod?
Number One, Try Increasing Your ISO
This is often the first course of action. Increasing the ISO increases the sensitivity of your sensor and allows you, in turn, to increase or maintain your shutter speed. The trade off is of course quality. As ISO increases, so does image noise eventually to a point where the image is unusable.
Camera’s low light capabilities have improved immeasurably over the last few years. It is possible to hand hold in extremely low light and get acceptable images. The key point here though is acceptable, whilst the shot might be good for a quick glance on your computer screen, it may not hold up to more detailed scrutiny.
Learn the limits of your camera's ISO.
Widen Your Lens' Aperture
Another way to get better low light images is to increase the amount light hitting the sensor. Seeing as we're trying to avoid longer shutter speeds, another alternative is to use a wider aperture.
As with increasing ISO, there is a trade-off. If you are looking for a deep depth of field, you are going to have to sacrifice that to “get the shot” I'm afraid. You are also going to need a lens that has a wide aperture, a so-called fast lens. These are usually f/2.8 and faster.
Most kit lenses do not fit into the fast lens category but it is possible to pick up fast primes for a good price either new or secondhand. A perfect example of this might be a 50mm f/1.8 – many manufacturers produce this particular lens.
This may well give you an extra three to four stops of shutter speed over a standard kit lens. That can make all the difference when shooting in low light without a tripod.
Use a fast lens.
Consider Using Image Stabilization in Low Light
There are two main types of image stabilization in use today, in camera and in lens. Companies like Nikon and Canon use stabilization built into certain lenses, whilst others actually stabilize the sensor to allow for lower shooting speeds.
The general thought is this, lens stabilization has a slight advantage in terms of the number of extra stops it gives you. The downside is that you need to buy dedicated lenses for it to work.
You will need to switch stabilization on, either from a switch on the side of an appropriate lens or via the camera’s menu system. It will give between 3-4 stops extra speed for shooting before camera shake comes into play.
If you're shooting a 28mm lens, the minimum handheld shooting speed would be around 1/30th of a second. With image stabilization, this would drop to 1/4 to 1/2 second.
As a side note, if you are going to use some solid support as discussed next, you should switch off image stabilization.
Image stabilization is a very useful tool.
Your Technique. Your Stance. And External Support
The last area we can improve our chances of a good shot involved any or all of three techniques.
- Firstly is the way you hold the camera and press the shutter. For maximum hand-held stability, grasp the camera lightly and tuck your elbows into your sides so that you form a triangle.
When pressing the shutter, use a smooth slow press rather than jabbing at it.
- Stance is also very important. Like with your arms, keep your legs apart a little, again forming a triangle.
Keep your knees very slightly bent, this avoids you locking your knees and projecting any small tremors into your camera. If there is a wall or other solid object nearby utilize that, effectively making a third leg.
- Lastly, external support. This could be a wall, a park bench or even your own camera bag. You can utilize anything that has solid contact with the ground as a support for your camera.
The way you press the shutter is important when doing this, again a slow steady press will benefit you more than jabbing at it.
Use your surroundings as a support.
All these techniques will allow you to gain some stability when shooting in low light without a tripod. Be prepared to check your images carefully on the LCD, zooming into 100% to check sharpness.
You can use combinations of the above techniques to increase your chances of a good shot, for example, a higher ISO and image stabilization.
Low light is one of the best times to take photos, don’t miss out just because your tripod is sitting at home.
Shooting in Low Light Without a Tripod – Top Takeaways
- Grab yourself a fast lens to take advantage of wider apertures. This doesn't mean a Nikon or Canon 24-70 f/2.8, we're talking a 50mm, 35mm or a 28mm prime (as examples). You can read about how primes will help you improve your photography.
- If you see something solid or sturdy, use it to prop yourself – i.e. your arms on a low wall.
- If your lens or camera (or both) has image stabilization, learn the benefits of using it and give it a try – you may just notice a huge improvement in your photos with minimum effort!
- What Are The Golden And Blue Hours and How Do They Help Photographers? by Dzvonko Petrovski
- Going Fast. Why You Should Have At Least One Fast Lens by Jason Row
- 7 Reasons Why Prime Lenses are Better Than Zoom Lenses to Improve Your Photography by Dzvonko Petrovski
Understanding Light is absolutely essential – as photographers we all know it, there’s no getting around this one.
So, just for the readers, we have an excellent and comprehensive Guide for you: Fantastic Fundamental Light Skills – “The fast and easy way to develop a fundamental understanding of light so you can take better photos!”