Surrealist Art And It's Impact On The World Of Photography
1924, the year Andre Breton wrote his first Manifesto of Surrealism, could be considered somewhat an ‘official’ start to the Surrealist movement if there could ever be an analytical approach to such an ambiguous and lucid movement.
A movement which even now has its flame still burning, the likes of Dali, Duchamp, Breton, Ray, Magritte and Picasso all played pivotal roles in its succession and legacy. However, within the surrealist art genre, one medium really came to fruition and was explored in ways it had never been before…Photography. Surrealist Art was a tour-de-force of madness, pushing a movement away from reason and calculation, such ideas were seen to hinder creativity, to block the pure channel of the unconscious.
Unrestrained, provocative and satirical, a concentration on dreams, madness, and sexuality, Surrealism was entirely its own as an art movement with photography playing a pivotal role in its success, alongside the provocative use of photography as a medium.
The Surrealists used techniques we now very much take for granted. Double exposure to evoke the feeling of a dream like state. Within the photographs of Man Ray, Rene Magritte using photography as a means to create photographic versions of his paintings and Hans Bellmer meticulously photographing his doll-type structures to evoke borderline Lynchian imagery.