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Back in August, LightStalking shared a link on Twitter to some really incredible double exposures done by an artist named Dan Mountford. Admittedly, I'm a huge fan of double exposure photography–something I picked up in my forays into Lomography, but Mountford's work took my appreciation of the art to an entirely different level. If you haven't already checked out his work, be sure to do so!
The images are made by exposing a single frame twice. Of course, the convenience of Photoshop makes this technique rather simple to do, but that's just not as fun as doing these in camera. Some DSLRs have the feature built-in, such as the Nikon D7000. Just check your camera manual to see if your model has it. Otherwise, pick up a film camera. It's easier to use one that lets you take multiple exposures, but if it doesn't you can always expose the roll once, rewind it, and shoot the frames again.
There are also a few apps that will allow smartphone and tablet users to create multiple exposures, but on many of these you will not be able to use manual settings.
How to Attack Multi-Exposures in Shooting Mode
The camera end of shooting these types of portraits is really the easy part. You'll be taking two exposures per portrait. The first exposure will be a silhouette of your subject and the second will be the texture or secondary scene that will fill out the portrait and give it character.
Keep in mind that you want the background of the silhouette to be blown out, so shoot facing the sky or another bright background. Meter for the subjects face and make note of the shutter speed. Since we're making one photo out of two, we'll want to stop down one stop for each of them. To do that, simply multiply your meter reading by two and take the pair of exposures using the sum. So, if you metered a shutter speed of 1/100 for the silhouette, shoot both exposures at 1/200. In essence, the combined shutter speed for both exposures should equal the original meter reading.
While you're adjusting the camera settings, make sure you turn on the multiple exposure setting in your cameras menu. The D7000 automatically turns the setting off after each double exposure and the amount of times I forget to turn it back on is incredible. So don't forget to turn it on!
Get Your Composition Just Right
This is where things start to get a little troublesome. Because you will not be able to see the the first exposure while taking the second, getting the alignment right can be trying to say the least. One tip that I have found incredibly useful is to turn on your LCD viewfinders grid to use as guides. For example, line up the subjects eye with one of the intersection points on the grid. This way, if you wanted it look like a flower was sprouting from the back of the subjects head, you can use that intersection point as a reference to frame the flower.
A Few Things To Remember
- Any overexposed sections in the first exposure will remain blown out in the final portrait. In other words, you can't layer the second exposure over an overexposed area in the first exposure, it will just turn out white. Use this to your advantage!
- With a little forethought, you can incorporate your subject's personality into the portrait by carefully selecting the patterns in the second exposure.
Getting Better Editing
Hopefully, you'll have very little adjustments to make once you've made your portraits, but if you do want to tweak the exposure a little this can easily be done in any photo editing software. It is worth noting, however, that even though there are multiple exposures, the file your camera sends to the image editor will be a single layer, meaning you will not be able to fine tune the exposures individually.
Tiffany Mueller is a professional music and fine art photographer. She has been published in various publications including magazines, art journals, as well as photography books. Tiffany is fortunate enough to have been in a perpetual state of travel since her youth and is currently working on a 50-states project. You can keep up with Tiffany via Twitter, Google+, or on her personal blog, Life Is Unabridged.