How to Photograph the Moon (With 10 Great Examples)

Learning how to photograph the moon has long been one of the greatest joys of a photographer's journey in learning. For centuries the moon has captivated people, given direction and provided hours of enjoyment and wonderment.  Being the brightest object in the night sky, it's something photographers of all levels can shoot, however it does take planning and preparation to accomplish.

how-to-photograph-the-moon

The moon is bright, but it isn't bright enough to simply snap a photo if you're looking to see much detail in the moon. To achieve a nicely exposed photo, one where the moon doesn't appear flat nor like an out of place object, we need to consider this.  To accomplish a great moon shot, let's first look at the basic gear you'll need.

The Best Camera Gear for Moon Photography

Tripod. A secure base and workstation for your camera is essential to capturing the moon and avoiding camera shake.  While you may be able to get away with hand holding your camera, your best results will, without a doubt, come from mounting your camera on a tripod. (See our article on how to choose a tripod for some good tips).

Long zoom lens. In order to help fill the frame and properly show off the moon, the longer your zoom lens the better.  You don't necessarily need the fastest lens, because you'll be on a tripod, but it's best to use anything 200mm or longer. If you don't have a lens that long, you might want to consider using shorter lenses but incorporating foreground elements to the shot (more on that below).





Shutter release cable. Or a wireless remote if it's an option for your camera model.  This is not an essential piece, but it's nice to have and helps avoid camera shake.  If you don't have one you can cheat and use the self-timer function on your camera.

Camera. While almost any camera will work, point and shoots rarely produce top quality photos of the moon, mostly due to the small size of the sensor and it over-heating during longer exposures resulting in digital noise.  A DSLR is preferred here with a long lens on it. Mirrorless cameras are also suitable. Camera with smaller sensors make it tough.

The Best Camera Settings for Photographing the Moon

No preset or auto function of your camera will be able to properly meter the moon, so ideally you should consider shooting in full manual mode. At the very least, choose Aperture Priority mode. Also, your geographical location and current phase of the moon will have an effect on what your settings will be and you will need to adjust for the season of year and clarity of the sky.

ISO.  Digital cameras should be set to 100 or lower, film shooters should shoot film of 100 ISO or slower to eliminate noise and grain.

Aperture. Because you're after crisp, clean shots, shooting at f/11 to f/16, depending on your lens, will be the best place to start. Research your lens' sweet spot to find the sharpest aperture.

Shutter speed. The variables are many and include those mentioned earlier, such as the phase the moon is in, geographical location and desired shot, but on a clear night starting at about 1/60th to 1/125th should be a great starting point.

What is the Looney 11 Rule?

In moon photography, there is a “rule of thumb” that is easy to memorize and should get you close to a good exposure of the face of the moon – the “looney 11 rule.”

The Rule: Set aperture to f/11 and shutter speed to the reciprocal of the film speed.

For example: f/11 at ISO 100 and 1/100th second shutter speed.

Another example: f/11 at ISO 200 and 1/200 second shutter speed.

The looney 11 rule is worth keeping in mind for getting good exposures when you photograph the moon.

Moon Photography: Choosing a Location

A word about where you choose to shoot.  Picking a spot to shoot the moon is one of the most important factors in achieving a quality shot.

Ideally, if you want to showcase the moon itself you will want to avoid any other ambient light, including street lights and traffic.  This may require you to go off on a remote road or into a public park after hours – your backyard may not be the best location for these types of shots.

On the contrary, if you are trying to include a city skyline under your moon shot, you'll need to find a lookout that allows for the twinkling lights below and do further test shots to nail the exposure properly for both the foreground and the moon (bracket your exposures).

The Best Mobile Apps To Choose  Location and Time for Photographing the Moon

Photopills is an excellent iOS app which can be used to determine the position and phase of the moon as well as the position and elevation of the Milky Way.

For Android users, an equally great photography planning app alternative is The Photographer's Ephemeris.

Composition and Technical Tips For Taking Photos Of The The Moon

The composition is just as important when you are taking shots of the moon as for any other type of photography and you have some decisions to make. For starters, the decision to shoot just the moon or to incorporate elements such as landscape foreground into the shot. Knowing how to photograph the moon with foreground requires a few different concerns. Here are a few things to think about.

How to Photograph Just the Moon

  • Use a long lens (> 200mm) and zoom in as far as you can
  • ISO 100
  • f/11 to f/16 (find the sweet spot for sharpness)
  • Shutter speed around 1/60th to 1/125th
  • Manual focus set to infinity

How to Photograph the Moon with Foreground

When you photograph the moon with foreground included, you will probably notice that you end up with the moon as a totally white blob with no detail. It is very difficult to expose both the foreground and the moon correctly in the same shot. For that reason, most of the photographs of the moon with a foreground that you see are actually composite images. There is a useful, if somewhat dated, tutorial on creating moon composites here.

  • Use whichever lens allows you to get your composition (probably slightly wider)
  • ISO 100
  • f/11 to f/16
  • Bracket exposures to +2 and -2 (this may take some experimentation)
  • Create a composite of images in Photoshop.

Post-processing Moon Photographs

Post-processing your photos is really straightforward and in most cases, an auto white balance will do you just fine, however, photographs of the moon also make stunning black and white images. So consider how you want the outcome to look – have a play around in Lightroom and see what looks best –  color or black & white?

If you have photographed just the moon, when you import into Lightroom, you are probably going to want to concern yourself mainly with the contrast and clarity sliders. These should get you close to a finished product without too many problems.

If you have included elements of the foreground in your moon image, then you will probably have bracketed your shots and will, therefore, have some work to do in Photoshop. There is a good tutorial on creating composite images of your moon photographs here.

If you want to take it even further and print your moon photos, then you might like to look at our article on the best photo printer to use for the task!

How To Photograph The Moon – Top Takeaway Tips and Ideas

  • Play with composition aside from shooting the moon on its own
  • Get low and shoot through the rising stalks in a cornfield (for example) and create a composite
  • Catch the reflection of the moon in the ocean while on the beach
  • For extra-sharp detail, wait until the moon is at its highest
  • Use a tripod
  • Use manual focus
  • Use low ISO to avoid noise
  • Research the sweet spot of your lens
  • Allow time to set up – you don't want to be moving once the moon is in position to shoot

Other Great Moon Photography Resources Online

Here are a few links that you should definitely take a look at that don't repeat too much of what we have already covered. If you are serious about getting better at shooting the moon, they area good start.

Tools and Apps for Moon Photography

The Photographer's Ephemeris – https://www.photoephemeris.com/

Golden Hour One – http://www.goldenhour.one/

 

As inspiration, here are 10 great examples of moon photography!

Moon Dreams

A gorgeous Golden Color captured here with some impressive detail, despite only 3/4 of the moon actually showing. Wow! Photo by jurvetson on Flickr

Moon

Shooting with monochrome in mind can produce some beautiful results. A lovely finish here with tremendous detail – almost looks like fine art. I personally like the absolute central composition here, it works really well.Photo by penguinbush

Noche de luna llena - Full moon night

Photo by Flowery *L*u*z*a* . Add some foreground elements to really enhance your composition. This bird creates an almost “spooky” night time feel.

Once in a Blue Moon

Foreground elements again show some beautiful results, this time using the moon's bright reflection on the ocean. Rivers, lakes (even large puddles) could achieve alternative “reflection shots.” Photo by Kuzeytac.

harvest moon

Shooting through a field of crops creates a truly magnificent dimension, along with these dusk tones, make for a compelling image with some interesting detail – especially in the shapes and lines. Notice how the moon itself has been framed by the crops? Photo by joiseyshowaa.

Full Moon at Perigee

Photo by kukkurovaca: Another black and white example, however, this time with a slightly different composition technique – this time, using some negative space and applying some techniques from the rule of thirds, makes the moon really stand out!

Moon over Boston

More foreground usage can be seen here, this time a cityscape shot of the moon. It's almost as if the moon and colorful lights are competing against each other for outstanding beauty! The long exposure has provided not only detail of the moon but a smoothe silkness to the water. Photo by Werner Kunz

Bad Moon Rising

A foreground element used again, however, this time it's in the form of a silhouette. This photograph of the moon shows it hiding from the viewer, creating a somewhat mysterious feel? Photo by makelessnoise

Half Moon

Lastly, we have a crescent shape captured here.
A dramatic shadow falls across the moon, which from a distance looks as though only half is ever present. Photo byZa3tOoOr!

Photo by Ana Sofia Guerreirinho shows that not all nights with clouds are a bust for moon photography.

Don't forget to check out our other collection of inspiring moon photos.

Moving Beyond Moon Photographs With Other Night Sky Photography Resources

Shooting the moon is only one part of night sky photography. You can take it a lot further with astrophotography, star trails and perfect star shots too. Here are some other articles on Light Stalking where you might like to start.



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About the author

    Mike Panic

    is a professional photographer. See his site at Mike Panic Photography.

  • Great stuff! I would like to add the following :o)
    [img]http://www.keremhanciphotography.com/gfx/blog/20100101/BlueMoonOverCityOfAngels_002.jpg[/img]
    [img]http://www.keremhanciphotography.com/gfx/blog/20100101/BlueMoonOverCityOfAngels_004.jpg[/img]
    [img]http://www.keremhanciphotography.com/gfx/blog/20091016/DSC_0428.jpg[/img]
    [img]http://www.keremhanciphotography.com/gfx/blog/20091016/JoshuaTree_032108_041.jpg[/img]

  • Awesome photos there Kerem! Thanks so much for sharing!

  • Scott says:

    There’s this guy on Flickr who’s been shooting the moon for years, has some good stuff.

    http://www.flickr.com/photos/[email protected]/sets/72157615150085926/

  • @Michelle – Brilliant! Thanks so much for sharing! 🙂

  • Wong says:

    Than you for the tips as I will be shooting the eclipse tonight!

  • Amy P Mynatt says:

    I have had some success taking pictures of the moon w my iPhone 4

  • Richard Miller says:

    The Image Stabilization feature should be turned “off” when using I S lenses.

  • Gary Goodenough says:

    Use an exposure of about ƒ16 at the reciprocal of the ISO speed. In other words: make the ISO into a fraction. If the ISO is 100 —100 set the speed to 1/100th.

    Reason: the moon is in sunlight and a light gray. So stop down from the same rule of thumb used in daylight photography here on earth.

  • Thanks for the tips, I did my first moon photo with the blue moon. Check it out @ http://majamaki.com/2012/09/blue-moon/

  • Anna Moritz says:

    [img]http://annamoritz.files.wordpress.com/2010/04/img_9308-hdr.jpg?w=600[/img]

  • amanda woods says:

    Me and my husband were having such a hard time with this tonight until reading this post. I got an awesome clear and perfect shot of the moon. Thanks

  • Ray says:

    I dont want to brag but with a point & shoot cannon SX160 I have better pics than most of you. im surprised with the clarity I have got with this basic cam.

    So Mr author, P&S too, at times, can give you great pics of the Moon.

  • John Isner says:

    f/11 at 1/60 with ISO 100 is just the “sunny sixteen” rule we learned in the old film days. We learned to shoot the moon using the same settings you would use on a bright, cloudless sunny day: f/16 at 1 over the ASA, which gives roughly the same exposure as the recommended settings.

  • Anonymous says:

    Remember the moon is in full sunlight. Start by going into manual mode and set the camera as you would for taking a picture in broad daylight. ISO 100, f 16, 1/100 sec. Shoot, look, play with the light to get what you want.

  • ardiyaoe says:

    This is really HELPFUL!!! THANK YOU 🙂

  • Mike Nash says:

    Good info here. Thanks!

    A couple recent shots with my Sony A77ii.
    https://flic.kr/p/Nt9266
    https://flic.kr/p/MZw5qy

    Regards

    Mike

  • Susan Whitaker says:

    Thank you for the instructions! I wanted to get a decent photo of the moon this week and with your instruction so far I have been successful!! It would have been even better with a stronger telephoto lens.

  • Alfred Vitley says:

    I have found that you can get some good shots of the moon if you take them at dusk or dawn. The moon is not as bright then and is easier to not have a white blown out circle.

    • Allen Douglas says:

      It’s only blown out because you’re not shooting in manual mode, or because you rely on your light meter. Your light meter is fooled by the big black darkness surrounding the little tiny over bright spot, and averages the light – blowing out the moon.

      Shoot at a HIGH shutter speed – I shoot at 1/1000 of a second. You may be as much as 3 stops UNDER exposed in order to get the moon right. Take a shot, look at your result, and if it’s too bright, increase your shutter speed even more.

  • Gilbert Randall says:

    Thanks for the tips. I found it interesting and will try some of these tips next time I see the moon.

  • Amen says:

    Moon videography requires telescope lens and a DSLR camera. Just took this video of the moon before clouds swallow it! https://youtu.be/KYE-q_tRtcs

  • Is it a good idea to use Mirror up? And what about “stabilization” button on the lens? On or Off?
    Cheers

  • Mahender says:

    What are the best settings on the nikon d5300 for moon shots, I am planning on using my nikon 70-300mm lens

    • Allen Douglas says:

      There are no “best settings” for one camera brand vs another. The key issue is the speed of the lens you are shooting. If you use a 70-300 lens, when fully extended, you’re likely shooting at higher than f5 – at best. This crap of shooting at f8 or f11 is NONSENSE. You don’t need depth of field for something so far away. If your lens is not clear at it’s fastest f stop, I guess you have to close it down.

      Remember that cropped sensors have more noise – generally – than full sensors, so you may want to use a tripod (I never do as the shutter speed is so fast) and slow it down.

  • Carolyn says:

    I never can get the moon framed with some trees. I always get just the moon, and no trees. Any suggestions?

  • Peter Mcdonald says:

    I have the Nikon Coolpix P900 its a great camera for moon shots wildlife etc don’t need to change lens as its goy a built in lens of 24mm-2000mm x83 optical zoom heres some photos ive taken https://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.10154857485641436.1073742694.716851435&type=1&l=ed27d06109
    https://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.10155231986066436.1073742738.716851435&type=1&l=1a0a7479c5
    and a video https://www.facebook.com/peter.mcdonald.1297/videos/10155021480356436/

  • Rainer says:

    Check out the Android app “Moon Locator”, it predicts the Moon position and displays it in the Augmented Reality view. It’s very helpful to prepare for a photography shoot.

    Here’s the link: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.genewarrior.sunlocator.moon

  • toni says:

    have seen so many pics of the moon shot but most of these are superb by far 😀

  • John Gunkler says:

    For photos with foreground will it work to bracket the photos and assemble them using an HDR program?

    • Hi John, bracket exposures if you think there is loss of details in the shadow regions of the foreground. You also need to be quick in this process as the moon will be moving quicker across the sky than you think. Or, you will have to take 2 images – one exposed for the foreground and another exposed for the moon and then combine them using a post processing application. Hope this helps 🙂

  • Thank you for the tips. During the last 7 days I’ve tried different setups and compositions on test basis and came up with these conclusions:

    1. If you want to capture a closeup image displaying all details of the moon alone; a long telephoto is appropriate. I used 400mm prime lens on a FF DSLR. Aperture f/5.6, ISO 50, Shutter speed: 1/30 seconds. The setup was mounted on a tripod. Result: Acceptable to me.

    2. For an image including reflection in water and some foreground; these were my setup, again on a tripod. Please remember; in this case full details like option 1 above are not available. Focal length: 55 mm (could have gone closer had the moon been close to the water surface. I shot immediately after sunset), aperture f/4.5, ISO: 100, shutter speed: 1/3 second. Result: Below average.

    Tomorrow is full moon and hope to try both the options with different settings provided the weather remains favorable. If possible, will share the findings.

    Thank you.

  • Ashley says:

    Heading out to photograph the moon for the first time in a very long time. Live in the Midwest. Thinking of incorporating the cornfields in a few shots. Any advice/tips would be appreciated.


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